Ate, Aite and Atë

Atë
Aite, Ate, Atë

Atë, the Greek goddess of mischief.

Atë, also known as Até or Aite, is the Greek goddess of mischief, delusion, ruin and folly. Até also refers to the action performed by the hero, usually because of hubris, that often leads to his or her death or downfall. Her parents were Zeus and Hera.

In Homer’s Iliad (Book 19) she is called the eldest daughter of Zeus with no mother mentioned. On Hera’s instigation she used her influence over Zeus so that he swore an oath that on that day a mortal descended from him would be born who would be a great ruler. Hera immediately arranged to delay the birth of Heracles and to bring forth Eurystheus prematurely. In anger, Zeus threw Atë down to Earth forever, forbidding that she ever return to heaven or to Mt. Olympus. Atë then wandered about, treading on the heads of men rather than on the earth, wreaking havoc on mortals.

The Litae (“Prayers”) follow after her but Atë is fast and far outruns them.

The Bibliotheca (3.143) claims that when thrown down by Zeus, Atë landed on a peak in Phrygia called by her name. There Ilus later, following a cow, founded the city of Ilion, known as Troy. This flourish is chronologically at odds with Homer’s dating of Atë’s fall.

In Hesiod’s Theogony (l. 230) the mother of Atë is Eris (“Strife”), with no father mentioned.

In Nonnus’ Dionysiaca (11.113), at Hera’s instigation Atë persuades the boy Ampelus whom Dionysus passionately loves to impress Dionysus by riding on a bull from which Ampelus subsequently falls and breaks his neck.

In the play Julius Caesar, Shakespeare introduces the goddess Atë as an invocation of vengeance and menace. Mark Anthony, lamenting Caesar’s murder, envisions

“And Caesar’s spirit, ranging for revenge,

With Atë’ by his side come hot from Hell, Shall in these confines with a monarch’s voice Cry “Havoc!” and let slip the dogs of war, …”

Shakespeare also mentions her in the play Much Ado About Nothing, when Benedick says, referring to Beatrice,

“Come, talk not of her. You shall find her the infernal Atë in good apparel….”

In her book “The March of Folly“, Barbara Tuchman notes that the earth has been called The Meadow of Atë.

In Spencer’s The Faerie Queene, a fiend from Hell disguised as a beautiful woman is called Ate. This is a possible parallel to the fallen angels.

 

Ate, Aite and Atë

Greek mythological figure who induced rash and ruinous actions by both gods and men. She made Zeus—on the day he expected the Greek hero Heracles, his son by Alcmene, to be born—take an oath: the child born of his lineage that day would rule “over all those dwelling about him” (Iliad, Book XIX). Zeus’s wife, the goddess Hera, implored her daughter Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, to delay Heracles’ birth and to hasten that of another child of the lineage, Eurystheus, who would therefore become ruler of Mycenae and have Heracles as his subject. Having been deceived, Zeus cast Ate out of Olympus, after which she remained on earth, working evil and mischief. Zeus later sent to earth the Litai (“Prayers”), his old and crippled daughters, who followed Ate and repaired the harm done by her.

 

AtëAté or Aite (/ˈt/ or UK: /ˈɑːti/Ancient Greekἄτη) is the Greek goddess of mischief, delusion, ruin, and folly. Até also refers to the action performed by a hero, usually because of hubris, that often leads to their death or downfall. Mythology personifies Atë as the daughter either of Zeus or of Eris.

Homer‘s Iliad (Book 19) depicts Atë as the eldest daughter of Zeus (with no mother mentioned). On Hera’s instigation, Atë used her influence over Zeus so that he swore an oath that on that day a mortal descended from him would be born who would become a great ruler. Hera immediately arranged to delay the birth of Heracles and to bring forth Eurystheus prematurely. In anger Zeus threw Atë down to earth forever, forbidding her return to heaven or to Mt. Olympus. Atë then wandered about, treading on the heads of men rather than on the earth, wreaking havoc on mortals.

The Litae (“Prayers”) follow after her, but Atë is fast and far outruns them.

The Bibliotheca (3.143) claims that when thrown down by Zeus, Atë landed on a peak in Phrygia called by her name. There Ilus later, following a cow, founded the city of Ilion, known as Troy. This flourish is chronologically at odds with Homer’s dating of Atë’s fall.

Hesiod‘s Theogony (l.230) makes Atë the daughter of Eris (“Strife”), with no father mentioned.

In Nonnus‘ Dionysiaca (11.113), at Hera’s instigation Atë persuades the boy Ampelus whom Dionysus passionately loves, to impress Dionysus by riding on a bull from which Ampelus subsequently falls and breaks his neck.

In the Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes (4.817), Hera says that “even the gods are sometimes visited by Atë” (translated by Richard Hunter as “even gods make mistakes”).

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